1674 – Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was coronated for the second time in accordance with the Bengal School of Tantricism. Nischal Puri presided over the ceremony.
1925 – Eminent Scientist and a pioneer in the field of respiratory sciences and neurosciences, Dr. Autar Singh Paintal was born. He discovered a number of sensory receptors including receptors of ventricular pressure, stomach stretch, muscle pain, atrial B and pulmonary J-receptors. He joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in 1953. He also served as the Director General of the Indian Council of Medical Research. He was conferred the Padma Vibhushan by Government of India in 1986.
1932 – Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar reached a compromise with regards to the allocation of separate electorate for the oppressed and signed the Poona Pact at the Yerwada Jail in Pune. This was a result of Mahatma Gandhi’s opposition, in the form of an indefinite hunger strike, to British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald’s decision to grant communal award to the oppressed classes.
2002 – The Akshardham Temple of Lord Swaminarayan in Gandhinagar, Gujarat was attacked by two heavily armed terrorists. The ‘Black Cats’ of National Security Guard (NSG) had quickly swung into action and brought an end to the crisis.
2002 – Regarded as the Father of Remote Sensing in India’, noted Physicist and Meteorologist Prof. Pisharoth Rama Pisharoty passed away. Prof. Pisharoty worked under nobel laureate Prof. C. V. Raman at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore during summer vacations and it was Prof. Raman who recommended him to join the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). At IMD, Prof. Pisharoty studied thunderstorms, monsoon depressions, orographic rains etc. In 1959 he became the Director of the Colaba and Alibaug Magnetic Observatories. He was the Founder Director of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology from 1962 to 1967. He was invited by Vikram Sarabhai to join the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. He introduced India to remote sensing technology through his experiment of detection of coconut wilt-root disease. He was a member and later the chariman of the Scientific Advisory Board of World Meteorological Organization (WMO). He was also chosen as the Vice President of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences. In 1988, he received the prestigious Raman Centenary Medal and was the first to receive the honour. In 1989 the WMO awarded him the IMO Prize. In 1970, the Indian Government bestowed the fourth highest civilian honour ‘Padma Shri’ on him.