A study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health in the US have found that incorporating yoghurt in your daily diet can significantly reduce the risk of Type II diabetes. The findings stated that consuming 28-gram serving of yoghurt a day lowers the risk of Type II diabetes by 18 percent. Senior researcher Frank Hu added that while yoghurt consumption did lower diabetes risk, consumption of other dairy products did not show similar association.
Type II diabetes is a chronic condition wherein the body fails to produce sufficient amount of insulin, or the body cells develop resistance to insulin. It’s proven that probiotic bacteria found in yoghurt better fat profiles and antioxidant status in people with Type 2 diabetes, and researchers believe this could have a risk-lowering effect in developing the condition.
The study involved 289,900 participants, and researchers brought together data from three prospective cohort studies that observed medical history and lifestyle habits of health professionals. During the follow-up period for these three cohorts, 15,156 cases of Type 2 diabetes were identified. When adjusting parameters for chronic disease risk factors like age, BMI (body mass index) and dietary factors, it was observed that high consumption of yoghurt resulted in a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The findings were confirmed by researchers following a meta-analysis, including their results and other published studies till March 2013. The study was published in the journal BMC Medicine.