1886 – Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa attained mahasamadhi. Swamiji was an influential figure during the period of Renaissance.Swamiji followed several religions and taught that all religions led to one God. His teachings indirectly imbibed nationalism and rejected discrimination on the basis of caste and religion. Swami Vivekananda was his disciple and founded the ‘Ramakrishna Math’ and the ‘Ramakrishna Mission’ in 1897.

Direct Action Day

1904 – Popular patriotic poem ‘Saare Jahan Se Achcha’ was published in ‘Ittehad’, a weekly journal. Composed by poet Muhammad Iqbal in ghazal style, it was originally penned for children.

1909 – Freedom fighter, social reformer and leader of the Kisans, backward and weaker section Sardar Gowthu Latchanna was born. A revolutionary right from his childhood, Sardar Latchanna participated in the Salt Satyagraha at Palasa and the Quit India movement during freedom struggle. He organized the Kisans and pressed for abolition of ‘zamindari system’. He also fought for equal rights to backward and weaker sectons. Sardar Latchanna was also actively involved in the movement for separate statehood for Andhra Pradesh.

1946 – One of the darkest days in the history of India- ‘Direct Action Day’. The Muslim League was not in favour of the plan proposed by the Cabinet Mission to India which included transfer of power to Indian leadership and composition of new Dominion of India.Instead,the Muslim league stressed on the creation of Pakistan,a state with Muslim-majority. The Indian National Congress rejected this proposal of the Muslim league. The Muslim league, thus, went on a strike declaring ‘Direct Action Day’. The protest mischief-makers getting involved in brawls, pelting stones and forced shops to close. These incidents only added to the already existing communal tension especially in Kolkata where it finally erupted. In Kolkata, within a span of 72 hours around 4,000 people lost their lives.