1860 – Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, the architect of systematized Hindustani Carnatic Music was born. In olden days Hindustani music was propagated orally during which it underwent several changes. It was Pandit Bhatkhande who penned a guide on Hindustani classical music in which he re-categorized the ‘ragas’ using the ‘Thaat’ system and explained them in simple and lucid manner.His first work ‘Swar Malika’ described all prevalent ragas. He established institutions that imparted lessons in Hindustani music. In 1926, Pandit Bhatkhande along with Rai Umanath Bali and his nephew Dr. Rai Rajeshwar Bali (who was then the education minister of United Provinces) founded the Marris College of Music which was later rechristened and is now known as Bhatkhande Music Institute.
1894 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri or V.V Giri,the fourth President of India was born.V.V. Giri was actively involved in labour movement as well as the movement for Independence.He was a member of the first Lok Sabha and served as the Minister of Labour until he resigned in 1954. He was the Governor of Uttar Pradesh (1956-60) and Kerela (1960-65). In 1967, he was chosen as the Vice-President of India until 1969 when he became India’s fourth President.In 1975, he honoured with India’s highest civilian honour the ‘Bharat Ratna’.
1963 – ‘Bandit Queen’ Phoolan Devi who later chose to walk the political path, was born. She was elected to the 11th as well as 13th Lok Sabha from Mirzapur Constituency. After her surrender she joined the Samajwadi Party and was elected to the 11th as well as 13th Lok Sabha from Mirzapur Constituency. ‘The Bandit Queen’, a movie directed by Shekhar Kapur, loosely based on Phoolan Devi’s life was released in September 1994.