1924 – One of the most celebrated actors of the Telugu Film Industry, Akkineni Nageswara Rao also known by his initials ANR, was born. In a career spanning across eight decades, ANR featured as the lead in about 256 Telugu and 26 Tamil films. He made his first appearance on screen as the main lead’s friend in the 1941 release ‘Dharmapatni’. However it was with ‘Seetha Rama Jananam'(1944) that first saw ANR in the lead. He starred in popular films like ‘Tenali Rama Krishna'(1956), ‘Missamma'(1955), ‘Ardhangi'(1955), ‘Mayabazar'(1957), ‘Prem Nagar'(1971). His ‘Premabhishekham'(1981) had a record 76-week run, the highest for any Telugu movie till date.
ANR won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor on two occasions- one for ‘Marapurani Manishi'(1973) and the other for ‘Seetharamaiah Gari Manavaralu'(1991). In the year 1990 he received the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award. He was also honoured with all the three civilian honours that is the Padma Shri(1968), the Padma Bhushan(1988) and the Padma Vibhushan(2011).
1924 – The Indian Lac Research Institute now known as the Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums was established.
1932 – Mahatma Gandhi went on an indefinite strike opposing British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald’s decision to grant communal award to the oppressed classes.
1933 – Thinker, Writer and Proponent of Self-Rule, Annie Besant passed away. Throughout her life she fought for causes like women’s rights, secularism, freedom of thought, workers’ rights especially farm workers. She was a brilliant orator and travelled all over England delivering lectures on reforms and freedom, for which she was in great demand. She also defied the Church that enjoyed high status during the Victorian times on the issue of birth-control. She joined the Indian National Congress and also launched the Home Rule League with Lokmanya Tilak. The Home Rule League worked round the year with change in leadership as it’s primary goal. She demanded independence for India, both in India and outside, through her public lectures, articles, letters etc. Annie Besant was a prolific writer. Some of her works include ‘The Political Status of Women'(1874), ‘My Path to Atheism'(1877), ‘The Ancient Wisdom'(1898), ‘Occult Chemistry’ etc.
1942 – Former Ranji Player and all-time leading wicket-taker in that competition, Rajinder Goel was born. A left-arm orthodox Goel despite his impressive career stats never had the opportunity to play for India except. He played for India in an unofficial test match against Ceylon at Ahmedabad in 1964-65 in which he struck 4-33 in the second innings. He also played against the Australians in 1979-80 ending with match figures that read 6-102 and 3-43. He made his First-Class debut for Patiala against Services. He took more than 25 wickets fifteen times in his career including in the last nine seasons that he played. He hung his boots in 1985 finishing with 750 wickets at an average of 18.58.