This Day In History- October 12

1871 – The Criminal Tribes Act came into force. CTA applies to various successive pieces of legislation enforced in India during British rule. The Act came into force, with the assent of the Governor-General of India. In this act, ethnic or social communities in India which were defined as “addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences” such as thefts, were systematically registered by the government.

1911 – Indian cricketer Vijay Madhavji Merchant was born. Merchant played first class cricket for Mumbai team as well as 10 Test matches for India between 1929 and 1951. He was a right handed batsmen and a part time Right-arm medium pace bowler. Besides cricket, he was also associated with the Hindoostan Spinning & Weaving Mills.

Vijay Merchant

1938 – Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli was born. Nida Fazli is an Urdu poet. The poetic beauty, relating to the close resonance and bonding between human beings, inspired Nida to begin writing poems. During that period, he felt that there were limitations in Urdu poetry, and absorbed the essence of Mir and Ghalib to express what he intended. He was fascinated by the lyrical mood of Meera and Kabir and widened his knowledge of poetry by studying T.S. Eliot, Gogol, Anton Chekhov and Takasaki.


1946 – Indian Cricketer Ashok Vinoo Mankad was born. He played for team Bombay in domestic cricket, while his international carees includes, 22 test matches and a single ODI match. Ashok Mankad was a right handed batsmen and known for his performance in Ranji Trophy matches.

Ashok Mankad

1948 – Kahlur, also known as Bilaspur was acceded to India. Kahlur covers an area of 1173 is currently a part of Himachal Pradesh state, was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded in about 697 by Kahal Chand. He had built a fort, which was named after him, and was called Kahlur Fort. Another ruler of the state, Dip Chand founded the city of Bilaspur, and made it his capital.

1967 – Indian freedom fighter Ram Manohar Lohia died. Lohia was also a National political leader, he joined Indian National Congress as soon as he returned to India. He was attracted to socialism and helped lay the foundation of Congress Socialist Party, which was founded in 1934, by writing many impressive articles on the feasibility of a socialist India, especially for its journal, the Congress Socialist.

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