1904- An Indian communist leader and the first opposition leader of India, A.K.Gopalan was born. He took part in Khilafat movement which prompted a remarkable change in his outlook, transforming him into a dedicated fulltime social and political worker. He joined Indian National Congress in 1927 and got arrested during salt satyagraha in 1930. A.K.Gopalan also played an important role in the formation of Indian Coffee House.
1906 – One of the most famous music composers of Hindi movies and a Bengali singer and composer, S.D.Burman was born. His music career spanned 4 decades, and top singers like Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammad Rafi, Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar, Hemant Kumar, Asha Bhonsle and Shamshad Begum. Mukesh and Talat Mahmood have also sung songs composed by him. S.D.Burman received many awards and recognitions for his contribution in the field of music, also, in 1969 he was honoured with a Padmashree award.
1911 – Syed Mohammed Hussain, an Indian hockey player was born. In 1935, he played four matches including both the semifinal match against France and final match against Germany, in which he credited a gold medal.
1919 – Highly known Marathi poet, lyricist, writer and an actor, Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar was born. In Maharashtra, he is known by his initials as Ga Di Ma. In his career, Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogs and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems are well known for being adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet, Bhāwa-Geet, Bhakti-Geet, and Lāwani. I all he contributed in 157 Marathi and 23 Hindi films.
1919 – Majrooh sultanpuri, an Urdu poet, lyricist, a songwriter was born. In 50’s, he was considered as one of the dominating musical forces in Indian Cinema. Also one of the finest avant-garde Urdu poets of 20th century literature. In his 60 years of career he worked with musicians from Naushad to A.R.Rahman. In 1993, Majrooh Sultanpuri received Dada Saheb Phalke Award, for his lifetime achievement in Indian film industry.
1927 – Renowned film actor and a stage person Sivaji Ganesan was born. He was one of the most respected actors in the industry. He was popular for his versatility and acting skills with numerous roles depicted on screen. In a career spanning close to five decades he has acted in nearly 300 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi.He is referred to as “The Marlon Brando of Indian Cinema”. For more than 12 times he has won President’s award. In the last days of his career, he was honored with the most prestigious Dada Saheb Phalke Award for his contribution to Indian cinema.
1938 – Michael Ferreira, a well known amateur player of English Billiards for India was born. Michael Ferreira, nicknamed The Bombay Tiger, had participated in the Indian National Billiards Championship in 1960 for the first time, and in 1964 represented India in the World Amateur Billiards Championship (WABC) held in New Zealand, where he reached upto the semi-finals. In 1977, he won his first World Amateur Billiards Champion title and followed it up with the World Open Billiards Champion title in the same year. He has two more WABC titles under his belt. In 1978 he became the first amateur to break the barrier of 1,000 points, in the billiards national championships, and created a new amateur world record by scoring 1,149 points.
1953 – Andhra State was a state in India created. Firstly, from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras Presidency, and on On November 1, 1956 it was merged with the Telangana region of Hyderabad State to form the united Telugu-speaking state of Andhra Pradesh.
1981 – Paan Singh Tomar, an Indian athlete and 7 times national steeplechase champion, got killed in a police ambush. He represented India at 1958 Asian games in Tokyo. He also served Indian Army, and that’s the only place where his talent got recognized. Tomar tokk premature retirement from army and got settled in his native village. Later he gained notoriety as a Chambal Valley dacoit when he resorted to banditry after a land feud in his village. In 2012, a biopic ‘Paan Singh Tomar’ was released with Irrfan Khan in the lead, which gained much critical acclaim.