1639 – Madras Day. The British India Company bought a small strip of land on the Coromandel Coast from Chennapa Nayak, the Nayak of Vandavasi who also granted permission to the British to build a factory and warehouse for trading activities.

1906 – The Dutch Government that ruled South Africa passed the Black Act which denied civil rights to Indians and Black people. In protest Gandhiji organized his first ever non-violent resistance movement.

madam cama

1907 – Madam Cama unfurled the ‘Flag of Indian Independence’ at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart,Germany. Madam Cama declared “ This the flag of Indian Independence. Behold, it is born. It is already sanctioned by the blood of martyred Indian youths …” as she waved the flag. Madam Cama co-designed this flag along with Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Sawarkar and Shyamji Krishna Verma. The flag was a modificaton of the ‘Calcutta Flag’ that was unfurled in 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square, Kolkata on Boycott Day, the first anniversary of Partition of Bengal.

1959 – Sir Sayyed Fazal Ali, who headed the Fazal Ali Commission that made recommendations about reorganization of states in India, passed away.He died while in office serving as the Governor of Assam(from 1956 to 1959). He was also the Governor of Orissa from 1952 to 1956. He is remembered as the first man to bring the nagas into mainstream. He was knighted in 1941. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Vibhushan.