1908 – River Musi wrecked havoc in the city of Hyderabad with disastrous floods. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya developed a system to protect Hyderabad from floods by River Musi.
1927 – Great freedom fighter and revolutionary Promod Ranjan Chaudhary embraced martyrdom. Young Promod was inspired by the freedom struggle at a very young age and registered his participation in the movement for Independence by joining the Anushilan Samiti in 1920. In 1921, he participated in the non-cooperation movement. In 1925 he was arrested by the police for his connection in the Dakshineshwar Bomb Case. The Dakshineshwar Bomb Case refers to the accidental discovery of bomb-making factories by the police in Dakshineshwar and Shobha Bazaar areas in Calcutta (now ‘Kolkata’). These factories were set-up with an intentin to wage a war of independence. Promod Ranjan Chaudhary was convicted and sentnced to rigorous imprisonment. It was at Alipore Jail while serving his sentence, he assassinated the deputy commissioner of Police, Bhupendra Nath Chatterjee. Promod Ranjan Chaudhary was sentenced to death for this and it was today that he embraced martyrdom.
1920- The ‘Nightingale of India’, Lata Mangeshkar was born.
2004 – Eminent Indian essayist and writer in English considered as one of the pioneers of Indo-Anglican fiction, Mulk Raj Anand passed away. Anand’s works were based on the evils that persisted in those times like untouchability and casteism. He penned his first essay based on an incident in his family in which all communications with his aunt were cut off because she had shared her meal with a muslim. In 1935, Anand brought out his first novel ‘Untouchable’. The book was well received and much appreciated. Noted literateur E. M. Forster wrote the introduction for ‘Unttouchable’. He was involved in India’s struggle for Independence even when outside India. Some of his prominent works include Coolie (1936), The Village (1939), Across the Black Waters (1939), The Sword and the Sickle (1942) and The Private Life of an Indian Prince (1953). His ‘Morning Face'(1968), one of the seven parts of an autobiography won him the Sahitya Akademi Award.