1939 – Indian playwriter Mahesh Elkunchwar was born. More than 15 plays are onto to his name, in addition to his theoretical writings, critical works, and his active work in India’s Parallel Cinema as actor and screenwriter. Now, along with Satish Alekar and Vijay Tendulkar, today he is one of the most influential and progressive playwrights not just in modern Marathi theatre, but also larger modern Indian theatre. Many awards and honors are onto his name, including the prestigious Janasthan Puraskar for his service to the theater.
1945 – Renowned Indian classical musician and Sarod palyer, Amjad Ali Khan was born. Amjad Ali Khan was born in a musical family and has started performing internationally since 1960.Throughout his career, he received many awards including India’s second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan, in 2001, also, Padma Shri in 1975, the Padma Bhushan in 1991. He was also awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for 1989 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship for 2011.He received the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize in 2004. The U.S. state Massachusetts proclaimed April 20 as Amjad Ali Khan Day in 1984. Khan was made an honorary citizen of Houston, Texas, and Nashville, Tennessee, in 1997, and of Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 2007. He received the Banga-Vibhushan in 2011. Sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan, who has shared his rich experience in Indian classical music in classes across the West, will now teach for a quarter (three months) at Stanford University, this course will have lessons on Sarod as well.
1949 – The modern Territorial Army was formally inaugurated by the first Indian Governor-General of India Shri C. Rajagopalachari. October 9 is celebrated by the Prime Minister’s Territorial Army Day Parade.
1987 – Indian classical dancer, Guru Gopinath died. Gopinath was a Kathakali maestro and a mentor of a relatively new creative modern dancing style called Kerala Natanam. Guru Gopinath was a perfectionist. He developed a shorter syllabus and duration of training for Kathakali. The 12 years long and rigorous Kathakali course was simplified and reduced to 6 years, without compromising its essence or deviating from its classical tradition. He was an exponent of various styles of Indian dances. The illustrious ‘Raam Leela’ of Delhi, choreographed and directed by him was its glorious proof. His last choreography ‘Ramaayana’ ballet was the most popular one, which was staged more than 1500 times in various parts of Kerala.
2006 – Founder of Bahujan Samaj Party, Kanshi Ram died. He established BSP with a goal of serving the traditionally lower castes of Indian society (that historically also included untouchables). His leadership brought the party to power in India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh in 1995. Meanwhile he transferred the BSP’s leadership to Mayawati. Kanshi Ram already was a Diabetic patient, also, in between he suffered form a heart attack and a brain stroke. After 2004, his health deteoriated even more and stopped appearing in public. He took his last breath at Mayawati’s house.