1912 – Member of the Gold Medal winning Field Hockey team at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Ahmed Sher Khan was born.
1913 – The Ghadar Party published the first issue of its weekly ‘The Ghadar’ from San Fransisco, USA.
1925 – Kazi Nazrul Islam, Hemanta Kumar Sarkar, Qutubuddin Ahmad and Shamsuddin Hussain founded the Labour Swaraj Party of the Indian National Congress in Bengal.
1954 – The French East India Company de facto transferred Pondicherry, Yanam, Mahe and Karaikal to the Union of India and became the Union territory of Pondicherry.
1956 – Andhra Pradesh Formation Day. According to the States Reorganization Act, Telugu-speaking areas of the then Andhra State were merged with Hyderabad State which created a separate Andhra Pradesh.
1956 – Karnataka Rajyotsava. The State of Karnataka was created as per the States Reorganization Act.
1956 – Kerala Piravi Dinam. Malayalam speaking areas in the south, according to the States Reorganization Act, were merged to create a separate state of Kerala.
1966 – Haryana Foundation Day. Haryana, with seven districts, emerged as a state on the basis of linguistic demographics.
1973 – The State of Mysore was rechristened as Karnataka.
1973 – Popular Film Actress and former Miss World (1994) Aishwarya Rai Bachchan was born. She is often regarded as the ‘most beautiful woman in the world’. She is not only known for her work as an actress but also for social work. She made her debut with Mani Ratnam’s ‘Iruvar’ in 1997. The film was a success and won the Best Film Award at the Belgrade International Film Festival.
She made her debut in Hindi film industry with ‘Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya’ alongside Bobby Deol. She starred in a number of Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali and English films. Her performances in Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s ‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam’ (1999) and ‘Devdas'(2003) won her the Filmfare Award for Best Actress. In 2009, the Government of India honoured her with the fourth highest civilian award, the Padma Shri. In 2012 she was appointed as the goodwill ambassador for UNAIDS.
1974 – Vangirappu Venkat Sai Laxman also known to his admirers as ‘Very Very Special’ Laxman was born. This great grand nephew of former President Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan represented India as a right-handed middle order batsman in both test and ODI cricket for 16 years. Laxman is known world over for his ability to use his wrists with ease while playing shots. He gave many memorable performances mostly match- saving and match-winning especially against Australia and West Indies. Along with Rahul Dravid he played a major role in the stunning reversal in the test match at Eden Gardens in Kolkata during Australia’s tour of India in 2000/01.India won that match even after being asked to follow on. He also helped India seal a stunning one-wicket win over Australia at Mohali in October 2010. He was declared the Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 2002. The Government of India in recognition of his achievements in cricket honoured him with the Arjuna Award in 2001 and the Padma Shri in 2011.